echt adj., echt- prefix
from echt "real, true, pure, genuine, authentic, natural": authentic, genuine, real, typical, the opposite of ersatz [High German echt < (Middle) Low German echt "genuine, legal" < Middle Low German ehacht, ehaft "legal" < Middle High German e < Old High German ewa "law, marriage (contract)"]. This entry suggested by Christiane Leißner. See further example under Gasthaus.
  • "Stylish she likes they should be, and echt Amerikanisch." Edna Ferber, Dawn O'Hara, the Girl who Laughed, p. 134. Amerikanisch means "American".
  • "Take your pencil and begin marking individual lines or passages which strike you as echt-Shakespearean." George Steiner, "Seen the new Shakespeare yet?" review of King Edward III by William Shakespeare, The Observer, May 10, 1998.
  • "In recipes that emphasize the realizable over the echt, she combines components of popular cuisines of the past decade (Thai green curry paste, Mexican ancho chile essence) and fashionable cooking techniques, and gives them her own innovative twist (slow roasting duck for five hours, tenderizing lamb roast with a paste of crushed olives, garlic, lemon peel and herbs)." Corby Kummer, "Cooking", review of A New Way to Cook by Sally Schneider, The New York Times, Dec. 2, 2001.
  • "For the gourmet alone, there is tiramisu at the Burger King in Kyoto, echt angel-hair pasta in Saigon and enchiladas on every menu in Nepal." Pico Iyer, "The Global Village Finally Arrives", Time, Dec. 2, 1993, p. 86.
  • "The final evening's final act echt-L.A. band the Red Hot Chili Peppers, may have fanned the flames or perhaps just got stuck with the check Durst left, but it was while they played that the fires started, trucks toppled and bones broke." Rj Smith, "Days of Rage", Los Angeles, Oct. 1999.
  • "In London, a city whose theater is not overly versed in such things, the echt-Jewishness of the text -- with its references to Kaddish and the mitzvah -- may set 'Howard Katz' apart." Matt Wolf, "Howard Katz", Variety, Jun. 25, 2001.
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edelweiss; source: Der grosse Kosmos Tier- und Pflanzenfuehreredelweiss n.
from Edelweiß "edelweiss": Leontopodium alpinum, alpine European plant with white woolly leaves and flowers [German edel "noble" + weiß "white"].
  • "Made into a wreath and worn, edelweiss confers invisibility." Scott Cunningham, Cunningham's Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs, 1985, p. 107.
  • "Charge a dozen linen handkerchiefs embroidered with edelweiss to her father's account." Susanna Moore, In the Cut, 1999, p. 123.
  • "The women were freckled, hatted with alpines, in which edelweiss -- artificial, I think -- flowered in abundance; they sported severely plain flannel shirts, bloomers of an aggressive and unnecessary cut, and enormous square boots weighing pounds." Stewart Edward White, The Mountains, 1904, p. 200.
  • "'Wandering about gathering edelweiss, while he is alone and wretched!'" Rebecca Harding Davis, Frances Waldeaux, 1897, p. 94.
  • "Edelweiss, Edelweiss, every morning you greet me, small and white, clean and bright, you look happy to meet me.", Richard Rogers & Oscar Hammerstein, Jr., "Edelweiss", film music, The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews, 1965.
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EhrenbreitsteinEhrenbreitstein n.
from Ehrenbreitstein "Ehrenbert's or Ehrenbrecht's rock or mountain": a fortress above the Rhine River in Koblenz, Germany; figuratively something imposing or impenetrable, like the Rock of Gibraltar [German Ehrenbert, Ehrenbrecht "honor" + "bright" + Stein "stone, rock"]. See also Frankenstein, stein, steinbock.
  • "Yes, for replenished with the meat and wine of the word, to the faithful man of God, this pulpit, I see, is a self-containing stronghold—a lofty Ehrenbreitstein, with a perennial well of water within the walls." Herman Melville, Moby Dick, 1851, p. 55.
  • "'They need not be as ceremonious with strangers as the Dutchmen are at Ehrenbreitstein and Verona.'" Theodore Winthrop, John Brent, 1864, p. 82.
  • "On some great point where Honor takes her stand,—/The Ehrenbreitstein of our native land,—/See, in the front, to strike for Freedom's cause,/The mailed Defender of her rights and laws!" James Thomas Fields, Poems, 1849, p. 20.
  • Ehrenbreitstein"Figure 32. is a rude sketch of the arrangement of the whole subject; the old bridge over the Moselle at Coblentz, the town of Coblentz on the right, Ehrenbreitstein on the left." John Ruskin, The Elements of Drawing, 1876, p. 172.
  • "The post-chaise was now at the door, and Flemming was soon on the road to Coblentz, a city which stands upon the Rhine, at the mouth of the Mosel, opposite Ehrenbreitstein." Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Hyperion.
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eigen- prefix
from eigen, eigen- "own": proper, characteristic; used in technical terms in physics and mathematics, for example in eigenfrequency, eigenvector, eigenvalue, eigenfunction, eigenspace, eigenstate. See further example under ansatz.
Entenmann's, Entenmann adj.
from Entenmann "duck man": a brand of bakery products, named for William Entenmann who immigrated from Germany to the US in 1898 [< German Ente "duck" + Mann "man"].
  • "For example, when Dr. Ira urges Ms. Lavin's despondent Marjorie Taub, 'You need food, real food .... I'm cutting you off a square of this Entenmann's,' the piece of cake that Mr. Roberts offers is, at present, a slice of store-purchased Entenmann's All-Butter Loaf." Amy Berkowitz, "Tale of Allergist's Entenmann's: Lavin Flips for All-Butter Loaf", The New York Observer, Feb. 19, 2001.
  • "Weakness: Entenmann's chocolate doughnuts", Brad Goldfarb, "Tim Byres", Interview, Mar. 2001.
  • "6 1-inch-thick slices fat-free chocolate pound cake (like Entenmann's)", Victoria Abbott Riccardi, "Light desserts: These recipes are the perfect finish to a holiday meal", Shape, Dec. 2001.
  • "'This one guy loves Entenmann's doughnuts, so we'd leave a box of them on his desk.'" Melina Gerosa, "Diet like a man", Ladies' Home Journal, Oct. 1998.
  • "And to the right are our popular new theme houses—Sega, Entenmann and Eros!", Garry Trudeau, Doonesbury, Mar. 1, 2002.
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Entwicklungsroman n.
"development novel": a Bildungsroman, class of novel in German literature that deals with the formative years of an individual.
  • "Verteidigung der Kindheit offered a fascinating Entwicklungsroman reminiscent of the Parsifal theme; now instead we discover a medium-high-level state-government official from Wiesbaden (Hessen's capital) named Stefan Fink, a man in his late fifties at the novel's outset whose six-year legal battle against his own bosses in order to clear his name and find due justice is recounted in gruesome detail." Erich Wolfgang Skwara, "World Literature in Review: German", World Literature Today, Jan. 1, 1997.
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Erkling n.
See Erl King.
New!erlking, Erlking, Erl King, Erl König, Erl-König n.
from Erlkönig, Erlenkönig "alder king": an evil spirit in Germanic folklore, which is malicious especially toward children [German Erle "alder (tree)" + König "king", Herder's mistranslation of Danish ellerkonge, elverkonge "king of the elves"].
  • "Erkling: [Joanne K.] Rowling has transposed a few letters in the name of the Erl King or Erl König ('elf king') of German legend. Otherwise her description holds true. It is an evil creature in the Black Forest of Germany that tries to snatch children." David Colbert, The Magical Worlds of Harry Potter: A Treasury of Myths, Legends and Fascinating Facts, 2001, p. 40.
  • "Opposite my writing-table hangs a quaint German picture, illustrating Goethe's ballad of the Erlking, in which the whole wild pathos of the story is compressed into one supreme moment; we see the fearful, half-gliding rush of the Erlking, his long, spectral arms outstretched to grasp the child, the frantic gallop of the horse, the alarmed father clasping his darling to his bosom in convulsive embrace, the siren-like elves hovering overhead, to lure the little soul with their weird harps." John Fiske, Myths and Myth-Makers: Old Tales and Superstitions Interpreted by Comparative Mythology, 1872, p. 31.
  • "I might indeed say the Phuca is a Celtic superstition, from which the word Pook or Puckle was doubtless derived; and I might conjecture that the man-in-the-oak was the same with the Erl-König of the Germans; and that the hellwain were a kind of wandering spirits, the descendants of a champion named Hellequin, who are introduced into the romance of Richard sans Peur." Sir Walter Scott, Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft, 1885, p. 150.
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ersatz n., adj.
from Ersatz, Ersatz- "substitute": imitation or substitute, usually inferior; artificial; opposite of echt. In English ersatz connotes "artificial, inferior or fake", which it does not in German, e.g. Ersatzreifen ("spare tire"), Ersatzteile ("spare parts"). See also ArtLex.
  • "The ersatz recovery room reminded her of the archaic operating theater where she'd had her procedure, and the thought gave her a shudder." Robin Cook, Shock, 2001, p. 61.
  • "Months after we reached our mercenary agreement—and the honeymoon check cleared—my ersatz intended and I actually started hanging out." Jerry Stahl, Permanent Midnight: A Memoir, 1998.
  • "The ersatz they served in Berlin/Made a once-buxom lady so thin/That when she essayed/To drink lemonade/She slipped through the straw and fell in." Bennet Cerf, Ed., Laughing Stock, 1945, p. 195.
  • "As in any real launch, this ersatz one was being monitored at both the Cape and at the Manned Spacecraft Center in Houston." Jim Lovell & Jeffrey Kluger, Apollo 13, 1995, p. 15.
  • Starship Troopers"I don't want any ersatz soldiers, dragging their tails and ducking out when the party gets rough." Robert A. Heinlein, Starship Troopers, 1959, p. 109.
  • "'All right,' he agreed, flashing an ersatz smile." Dafydd ab Hugh, Balance of Power (Star Trek: The Next Generation), 1995, p. 100.
  • "So was the small chemical unit that blew scented ersatz air-freshener into the room, giving it a phony pinewoods odor." Michael Crichton writing as Jeffery Hudson, A Case of Need, 1968, p. 66.
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Knapp, Robbin D. 2008. "GermanEnglishWords.com: E". In Robb: GermanEnglishWords.com. Jun. 22, 2008.


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